History of Science Communication in India: An Epistemological Survey on the Knowledge of Source Materials in 36 Major Cities

Ratul Datta, Prof. (Dr.) Tapati Basu


This paper contains the background of the need for study of growing interest in Indological research of scientific temper and mentality and hence the tools of communication used at that time in the Harappan and Vedic period. Nevertheless such study is developing in present India and making important contribution to the understanding of the progress of science in ancient and medieval India. The development of science mainly astronomy, mathematics, medicine and psychology, alchemy and chemistry, agriculture and plant science, zoology, botany, etc., in pre and proto historic period of Vedic age and Harappan era has been thoroughly analyzed. Then, for the exploratory and empirical research work, the sample survey research work has been done in all capitals of all 29 states and 7 union territories of India, among 7200 people, i.e., 200 people were chosen abruptly from 36 capital cities. Scientists, professors, media personnel, lawyers, doctors, politicians, NGOs, administrators, industrialists, etc., and even common people were under the statistical survey. 74% were reluctant about the vast scientific literature and communication developed in ancient India, 93% did not have a thorough knowledge of Sanskrit and Pali languages. Exhaustive study revealed that, 84% Indian did not have the thorough knowledge of Vedic literature and even their names. A special effort is thoroughly needed to build up a scientific temper about their own country’s strong scientific historical background.


Science communication in the Vedic and Harappan age, Pre and proto historic, Empirical research, Sample survey

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