Group Cohesiveness and Organizational Citizenship Behavior of Oil Companies in Nigeria

Ukpong Uwem Johnson, Uzoma EO Akopunwanne

Abstract


The study seek to establish an empirical relationship between Group cohesiveness and organizational citizenship behavior of Oil companies in Nigeria, the cross-sectional survey design was used for the research, the population includes 663 employees of the studied oil companies with a sample size of 249, the findings reveals a significant correlation between the empirical referents of group cohesiveness and organizational citizenship behaviour. From the findings we therefore, concludes that the success and achievement of improved organizational citizenship behaviour can be achieved through the effective management of various formal or informal social networking and group processes. And based on the findings the following recommendations are made; that Organisational policies on the management of group activities and cohesiveness should be structured to enable member’s growth, support and recognition and Groups and other networking activities within the organization should be structured in such a way that appreciates and recognizes employees for their efforts, contributions as well as prevailing differences both at the individual, group and at the organizational level.

Keywords: Group Cohesiveness, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Altruism, Civic Virtue

How to cite this article:
Johnson UU, Akopunwanne EU. Group Cohesiveness and Organizational Citizenship Behavior of Oil Companies in Nigeria.J Adv Res Qual Control Mgmt 2019; 4(1): 24-33.


Keywords


Group cohesiveness, organizational citizenship behavior, Altruism, civic virtue

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson RE. Personal selling and sales management in the new millennium. Journal of personal selling and sales management 1996; 16(4): 17-32.

Ashtiani A. Coordinating expertise among emergent groups: responding to disasters. Organization science journal, 2009; 6(2): 18-147.

Backstrom L, Kleinberg J, Lan X. Group formation in large social networks: proceedings of the (12thed.). International conference on knowledge discovery and data mining 2006; 5(6): 44.

Baridam DM. Research methods in administrative sciences. Port Harcourt: Sherbrooke Associates. 2001. 5. Bartunek JM, Moch MK. First order, second order and third order change and organizational development interventions: a cognitive approach. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 1987; 23(6): 483-500.

Borman D, Motowidio E. Insult: aggression and the southern culture of honor. An experimental ethnography journal of personality and social psychology 2001; 70(5): 945-959.

Borman C, Motowidio J. Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In N. Schmitt: W.C. Borman and associates. 2001.

Bowler WM, Brass DJ. Relational correlates of interpersonal citizenship behavior: a social network perspective. Journal of applied psychology, 2006; 91(1): 70-82.

Brewer MB. The social self on being the same and different at the same time. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 1991; 17(5): 475.

Brief AP. Pro-social organizational behaviour. Academy of management review 1986; 2(11): 710-725.

Brown D. Organizational citizenship behavior: its construct cleanup time. Human performance journal 2000; 10(2): 85-97.

Bullino DW, Podsakoff PM. Organizational citizenship behaviour: its nature, antecedents and consequences. London: Sage publications. 2001.

Carron AV, Brawley LR. Cohesion: conceptual and measurement issue. Journal ofsmall group research 2000; 4(31): 89.

Chen W, Ryan K. A meta analytic review of attitudinal and dispositional predictors of organizational citizenship behavior. Journal personal psychology 2001; 48(4): 775-802.

Colquitt JA, Conlon DE, Porter CO et al. Justice at the millennium: a meta analytic review of 25 years of organizational justice research. Journal of applied psychology 2001; 86(54): 425-457.

Carless SA. The measurement of cohesion in work teams. Small group research 2001; 31(1): 71-88.

Cohen J, Cohen P, Aiken L. Applied multiple regression: correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ. 2003.

Cohen D. Culture: social organization and patterns of violence. Journal of personality and social psychology 1986; 75(2): 408-439.

Crano WD. Milestones in the psychological analysis of social influence: group dynamics. Theory: research and practice 2000; 8(4): 61-68.]

Cropanzano R. Bobocel DR, Rupp D et al. Mor virtues: fairness heuristics, social entities and other denizens of organizational justice. Journal of vocational behavior, 2003; 58(23): 164 209.

Dalal RS. A meta analysis of the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and counterproductive work behavior. Journal of applied psychology 2005; 90(6): 1241-1255.

Day C. The product life cycle: analysis and applications issues. Journal of marketing 1981; 7(45): 60-67.

Deaux K, Mizrahi K, Ethier KA. Parameters of social identity. Journal of personality and social psychology 1995; 68(2): 280.

Dion KL. Group cohesiveness: from field of forces to multidimensional construct and group dynamics. Theory: research and practice journal 2002; 4(3): 7-21.

Dovidio JF, Piliavin JA, Schroeder DA. The social psychology of pro-social behavior. Mahwah: NJ. Erlbaum. 2006.

Driedger L. Multi-ethnic Canada: identities and inequalities. Toronto New York: Oxford University Press. 1996.

Erdogan B, Kraimer ML. Justice and leader member exchange: the moderating role of organizational culture. Academy of management journal 2006; 49(7): 395-406.

Ehrhart MG, Naumann SE. Organizational citizenship behavior in work groups: a group norms approach. Journal of applied psychology 2004; 6(89): 960-974.

Folger R. Workplace justice and employee worth: Social Justice Research. 1994; 225-41.

Folger R. Justice: motivation and performance beyond role requirements. Employee responsibilities and rights journal 1993; 6(7): 239-248.

Fischer MD, Ferlie E. Resisting hybridisation between modes of clinical risk management: contradiction; contest; and the production of intractable conflict. Accounting: organizations and society 2013; 38(1):

-49.

Gaetner SL, Houlette M, Johnson KM et al. Reducing inter-group conflict: from super ordinate goals to de-categorization, re-categorization and mutual differentiation, group dynamism. Theory: research and practice 2006; 7(4): 98.

George JM, Bettenhausen K. Understanding pro-social behavior; sales performance; and turnover: a group level analysis in a service context. Journal of Applied Psychology 1990; 75(7): 698-709.

Guidry M. Marketing concepts that win: save time, money and work by crafting concept right time. Austin: TX. Live Oak Book Company. 2011.

Gully SM, Whitney DJ. A meta analysis of cohesion and performance: effects of level of analysis and task independence. Small group Research,1995; 26(4): 497.

Harkman JR. Leading Teams: setting the stage for great performances. Harvest Business press. 2002.

Hasan NP, Blume BD, Whiting SW. Individual and organizational level consequences of organization citizenship behaviours: a meta analysis. Journal of applied psychology 2013; 94(1): 122-141.

Harris SG. Organizational culture and individual sense making: a schema based perspective. Organization science 1994; 5(7): 309-21

Hogg HA, Williams KD. Social identify and the collective self, group dynamics: theory. Research and practice journal 2000; 4(3): 81-90.

Hofstede G. Consequences:Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations across Nations. Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA. 2001.

Hoegl M, Proserpio L. Team member proximity and teamwork in innovative projects. Research policy 2004; 33(8): 1153-1165.

Hornsey MJ, Hogg MA. Subgroup relations: a comparison of inter-group identity model of prejudice reduction. Personality social psychology bulletin 2000; 26(2): 242.

Johnson UU, Ignatius O, Emeka MC. Strategic Implementation and Service Quality of Insurance Companies in Port Harcourt. Journal of Advanced in Accounting & Financial Management 2018; 4(3&4): 33-42.

Johnson UU, Nissi K, Ignatius OO. Resilience and Operational Sustainability of Oil Companies in Port Harcourt. Journal of Advanced Research in Petroleum Technology & Management 2018; 3(3&4): 28-35.

Johnson UU, Okparaji, Gomba PW et al. Workplace Humour Styles and Subodinate Work Attitutes of Telecommunication Companies. Journal of Advanced Research in HR Organisational Management 2018; 5(4): 17-25.

Johnson UU. Uchechukwu O, Sibo MT. Self-Efficacy and Operational Sustainability of Oil Companies in Port Harcourt. Journal of Advanced Research in Operational and Marketing Management 2018; 4(3): 1-10.

Johnson UU, Nissi K. Job Rotation and Quality of Worklife of Manufacturing Companies. Journal of Advanced Research in Operational and Marketing Management 2018; 4(4): 1-10.

Johnson UU, Uchechukwu O, Sibo MT. Job Design and Quality of Work-life in Telecommunication sector in Port Harcourt. Journal of Advanced Research in HR & organizational Management 2018; 5(3): 9-18.

Johnson UU, Emmanuel HS, Emeka MC et al. Efficiency Assessment and Corporate Sustainability of Banks in Port Harcourt. Journal of Advanced Research in Economic & Business Management 2019; 6(1): 10-26.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.