Self-Efficacy and Operational Sustainability of Oil Companies in Port Harcourt

Ukpong Uwem Johnson, Uchechukwu Odum, Tamunotiem Sibo Moses


We in this study, sought to examine the empirical link between self-efficacy as a dimension of psychological capital and operational sustainability in the Oil Companies in Port Harcourt. The population of the study consists of 207 Employees in the Oil Companies, due to the large size of the population, the Taro Yamane Sample size determination technique was used to determine the sample size of 135 employees, only the data of 121 respondents were finally used for data analysis. Empirical findings reveal that there is a positive significant relationship between the dimensions of psychological capital and the measures operational sustainability.  We recommended that psychological capital as it were has been observed as fundamental to initiating and sustaining operational effectiveness for employees therefore, psycho training programmes are recommended as a way of strengthening employee’s commitment to work while at same time ensuring growth schemes and goal focus. And that, the components of psychological capital as expressed are needed for employees to activate their steadfastness to work goals irrespective of the challenges associated. We further recommended that positive psychological capital is needed to stimulate confidence that ensures timely attention to tasks, with a deep sense of optimism to meet the set goals.  


Self-efficacy, Psychological capital, Operational sustainability, Self-esteem

Full Text:



Avolio BJ, Luthans F. The high impact leader: Moments matter for accelerating authentic leadership development. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2006.

Bandura, Albert. “Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency”. American Psychologist 1982; 37(2): 122–147. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.37.2.122.

Bandura A. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control New York: Freeman. 1997.

Bandura A. An agentic perspective on positive psychology. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), The science of human flourishing. New York: Praeger. 2007. 5. Barney J. Gaining and sustaining competitive advantage, New York: Addison-Wesley. 1997.

Baridam MD. Research Methods in Administrative Sciences 3rd edition Port Harcourt: Sherbrook Associates. 2001.

Fredrickson BL, Losada MF. Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist 2005; 60: 678–686.

Harter JE, Schmidt FL, Hayes TL. Business unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis, Journal of Applied Psychology 2002; 87(2): 268-279.

Heffernan MM, Flood, Jarer. An exploration of the relationship between managerial competencies organizational, characteristic and performance in an Irish organizational. Journal of European Industrial Training. University press 2001; 128-136.

Kaplan RS. Norton DP. The Balance Scorecard, Boston MA: Harvard Business School Press 1996.

Kotler J, Heskett JL. Corporate Culture and Performance. New York: Free Press 1992.

Larson M, Luthans F. Potential added value of psychological capital in predicting work attitudes. Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies 2006; 13: 75–92.

Law KS, Wong C, Mobley WH. Toward a taxonomy of multidimensional constructs. Academy of Management Review 1998; 23: 741–755.

Luthans F. Positive organizational behavior: Developing and managing psychological strengths. Academy of Management Executive 2002b; 16: 57–72.

Luthans F. Positive organizational behavior (POB). In RM, Steers LW, Porter, GA Begley, Motivation and leadership at work, New York: McGraw-Hill. 2003: 187–195.

Luthans F, Youssef CM, Avolio BJ. Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 2007. 17. Maigba AS, Jacobs FA, Balance Scorecard, ActivityBased Costing and Company Performance: An Empirical Analysis, Journal of Management Issues 2003; 15(3), 282-301.

Mezil JP. Managing Operations for Effective Performance, Journal of Productivity Management 2004; 8(2): 37-52.

Parker S. Enhancing role-breadth self efficacy: The roles of job enrichment and other organizational interventions. Journal of Applied Psychology 1998; 83: 835–852.

Perez AG. Resource Combinations and Competitive Advantage, Supply Chain Management Journal 2009; 4(9): 113-127.

Renn RW, Vandenberg RJ. The critical psychological

states: An underrepresented component in job characteristics model research. Journal of Management, 1995; 21: 279–303.

Romirez R. Inter Firm Cooperation: The Building Blocks, Basillia Arep. Pub 2010.

Snow CC, Hrebiniak LG. Strategy, Distinctive Competence, and Organizational performance. Administrative Science Quarterly 2004; 22(2): 317-366.

Stajkovic AD, Luthans F. “Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis”. Psychological Bulletin 1998; 2: 240–261.

Waterman RE. Integrated coastal policy via building with Nature: Sustainable coastal zone development. Delft, 500 pp, ISBN 9789080522237. 2008.


  • There are currently no refbacks.